Jackson Pollock, Abstract Expressionism Art
The artistic experimentation of Pollock’s paintings reflects the strong influence from the Surrealist psychic automatism present in the works of artists like Joan Miró and Salvador Dalí. Pollock’s Action Painting was also motivated by a 1939 Picasso exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where other artists like Willem de Kooning were inspired to develop their own signature independent styles like Picasso did with Cubism.
While some heavily criticized Pollock’s works, other renowned critics like Clement Greenberg and Harold Rosenberg praised them by stating, in Rosenberg’s The American Action Painters, that “many of the painters were ‘Marxists’; they had been trying to paint Society. Others had been trying to paint art – it amounts to the same thing. The big moment came when it was decided to paint…just to PAINT. The gesture on the canvas was a gesture of liberation, from Value – political, aesthetic, moral.